The house and surroundings
palloza is part of a typical architectural complex consisting
of several buildings set aside for different uses, and which
virtually all families possessed:
- The palleiro (hay-loft): circular and covered with
straw; used for keeping hay, straw and forrage for sheep. There
was also a stable.
- The horro (granary): square, wooden building with
a thatched roof and built on four solid supports topped by a
flat circular stones which prevents mice from getting at the
grain. The barn is for keeping meat from the slaughter, grain
(there are large chests called tuñas, which were filled
to overflowing with grain), for hanging clothes and exceptionally
for sleeping quarters.
- The cuarto: is a more modern buildings than those
mentioned above; built of square stone blocks and roofed with
slate. There are stables on the ground floor and the floor itself,
usually without any divisions; is used for sleeping in summer
and for keeping clothes.
- The aira or threshing floor is usually found next
to the door of the barn. This could be of grass or be paved,
but in the case of being just grass, it had to be covered with
dung in order to be used for threshing.
- The corral is an area, usually for private use, located
between the house, the granary and the barn. Wealthy owners
had the chicken-coops and all these buildings surrounded by
a well-built stone wall and were equipped with a gate to access