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Origin and history
The house and surroundings
The frame-work
Distribution and uses

O ástrago

A alcoba

A porteleira

A corte das vacas

A cociña

Os cortellos

O tear

O forno

A barra

A barrela





The house and surroundings

The palloza is part of a typical architectural complex consisting of several buildings set aside for different uses, and which virtually all families possessed:

- The palleiro (hay-loft): circular and covered with straw; used for keeping hay, straw and forrage for sheep. There was also a stable.

- The horro (granary): square, wooden building with a thatched roof and built on four solid supports topped by a flat circular stones which prevents mice from getting at the grain. The barn is for keeping meat from the slaughter, grain (there are large chests called tuñas, which were filled to overflowing with grain), for hanging clothes and exceptionally for sleeping quarters.

- The cuarto: is a more modern buildings than those mentioned above; built of square stone blocks and roofed with slate. There are stables on the ground floor and the floor itself, usually without any divisions; is used for sleeping in summer and for keeping clothes.

- The aira or threshing floor is usually found next to the door of the barn. This could be of grass or be paved, but in the case of being just grass, it had to be covered with dung in order to be used for threshing.

- The corral is an area, usually for private use, located between the house, the granary and the barn. Wealthy owners had the chicken-coops and all these buildings surrounded by a well-built stone wall and were equipped with a gate to access the property.

Palloza-museo Casa do Sesto, Piornedo, Cervantes, Ancares, Lugo, Galiza, España